Translated from the Russian by Yelena Kalinsky. Active in Moscow since 1976, the Collective Actions group played a key role in the development of performance art in the Soviet Union. Inspired by the work of John Cage, the organizers invited audiences to take part in minimal, outdoor actions in fields and forests on the edges of the city. These spatio-temporal events directed viewers' attention to the pure contemplation of their own perceptions, and over time, the actions produced a great variety of documentary material. Collective Actions: Audience Recollections from the First Five Years, 1976-1981 concentrates on the early period of field actions when the problems of documentation—how to capture and convey ephemeral action to non-participants—were just beginning to be considered.
Appearing for the first time in English, the subjective recollections presented here provide a counterpoint to the group's better-known descriptive texts and theoretical writings, a selection of which are also included. Composed by several of Collective Actions' regular audience members, the generously illustrated recollections share the author-participants' idiosyncratic attempts to remember and give narrative to their own experiences of actions, and they illustrate the group's ongoing investigation into the status of documentation in participatory art.